Environmental Chemistry is a scientific discipline that uses the methods and results of chemistry to understand the environment. The lesson combines the tour of natural and humanistic landscape with the scientism explanations of specialist knowledge. Using controlled experiments and measurements, a fundamental understanding of the chemical processes occurring in a given system can be achieved.
This course is divided into three sections, like Chemistry in atmosphere, Chemistry in soil and groundwater and Chemistry in rocks. Each section will cover the most important chemical concepts and problems. Students are encouraged to read the corresponding chapters of the textbook before attending the lecture. After each lecture, students are expected to review what have learned and then work through the assigned problems, in this context a fundamental chemical, physical and biological understanding of the dynamics of the system is necessary.
The following sections will be covered:
Section one: Chemistry in atmosphere
1.2 Atmospheric Structure and Composition
1.3 Air Pollution:
Section two: Chemistry in soil and groundwater
2.1 The Soils around Us
2.2 Soils and Chemicals Pollution
2.3 Groundwater Contamination and Remediation
Section three: Chemistry in rocks
3.2 The Ediacaran (635-541 Ma) ocean chemistry in South China
Learning Materials and Resources
(1)Textbook: Environmental Chemistry edited by Jorge G. Ibanez, published by Springer in 2007 and some unpublished materials or reports will be used.
(2) Reading packet: to be distributed by the instructor in class.
Jorge G. Ibanez. Environmental Chemistry, Springer, 2007.
Hegglin, MI et al. 2014. Vertical Structure of Stratospheric Water Vapour Trends Derived from Merged Satellite Data. Nature Geoscience, 20147(10): 768-776
Domagal-Goldman SD et al. Abiotic Ozone and Oxygen in Atmospheres Similar to Prebiotic Earth. Astrophysical Journal, 2014, 792(2)
Isaksen, Ivar S. A et al. Atmospheric Ozone and Methane in a Changing Climate. Atmosphere, 2014, 5(3): 518-535
Hunter, James F et al. Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from Acyclic, Monocyclic, and Polycyclic Alkanes. Environmental Science & Technology. 2014, 48(17):10227-10234
Selim H.M., Iskandar I.K., Fate and Transport of Heavy Metals in the Vadose Zone, Lewis Publishers, CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C. 1999.
Stumm W., Morgan J.J., Aquatic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1996.
Appelo C.A.J., Postma D., Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution, A.A. Balkema Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands, Taylor & Francis Group, 2005.
Editors-in-Chief: Heinrich Holland and Karl Turekian. Treatise on Geochemistry. 2014. 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Canfield, D.E., Poulton, S.W., Knoll, A.H., Narbonne, G.M., Ross, G., Goldberg, T., Strauss, H., 2008. Ferruginous conditions dominated later Neoproterozoic deepwater chemistry. Science 321, 949–952.
Li, C., Love, G.D., Lyons, T.W., Fike, D.A., Sessions, A.L., Chu, X., 2010. A stratified redox model for the Ediacaran ocean. Science 328, 80–83.
Lyons, T.W., Reinhard, C.T., Love, G.D., Xiao, S., 2012. Geobiology of the Proterozoic Eon. In: Knoll, A.H., Canfield, D.E., Konhauser, K.O. (Eds.), Fundamentals of Geobiology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., New York, pp. 371–402.
Lyons, T.W., Anbar, A.D., Severmann, S., Scott, C., Gill, B.C., 2009. Tracking euxinia in the ancient ocean: A multiproxy perspective and Proterozoic case study. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 37, 507–534.
Geological disasters and water environment protection
This course will take water and ecology as the investigation topics. Through a short course and field investigation, students will learn about the water resources of the Three Gorges Reservoir and issues related to the water environment and the biodiversity in the Shennongjia forest area.
There are mainly three points below:
1. To know the hydro geological condition of The Three Gorges Basin. To visit the most famous The Three Gorges Dam in the world. To know the huge profits for China and the great pressure for the ecological environmental produced by The Three Gorges.
2. To know the types and reasons of hazards and management projects of Zigui County in The Three Gorges Basin.
3. To know the biological diversity of Shennongjia Forest. To study the typical types of animals, plants and wetland.
Lecturers： Zeng Kefeng/Zhang Xubing/Sun Dongying/Wu Dan/Chen Yilu/Zhang Li
1. Chinese Geography；Higher Education Press；2007
Language of instruction ：Both Chinese and English
This course is open to students:
1. Aged 16 or above who are interested in Chinese culture, China's Natural environment, and International Geoparks.
2. Who have some basic knowledge of geosciences and common knowledge about Chinese Culture.
3. Who are good at English and can have daily communication in English or in Chinese.
Class size： 20 students
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
This course will focus on the water conservancy project of Three Gorges Dam and the characteristics of water environment culture in the reservoir region, the origin and historical changes of the Changjiang River, the influence of China’s urbanization on current water environment, the problems arising out of the urbanization and methods to control these problems, and natural environment, humanity history, and local characteristic culture in Zigui and Wuhan. The 7-day course will not only display the current situation and development history of China’s water environment culture to the international students, but it will also form a multi-dimensional picture of China’s water environment for the international students.
1. Glasson, John －Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment （London, New York Taylor & Francis Routledge, 2005.）
2. Quality assessment of water and wastewater, by Mamta Tomar;
3. Ground water assessment development and management, by K.R. Karanth;
4. Assessment of energy resource development impact on water quality, by Susan M.Melancon;
5. Ground water and surface water pollution, by David H.F. Liu.
Lecturers：Cui Yanping/Hong Jun/Li Liqing/Wu Dan
This course is open to students:
1. Who have basic knowledge of physics and chemistry, and knowledge related to environment.Natural environment, and International Geoparks.
2. Who are freshmen or above, with no major requirement.